Welcome to Collinsville, a city that embodies everything good about life in Southwestern Illinois:
· conveniently located at the hub of three major interstate highways and within ten highway miles drive of Downtown St. Louis
· small town sense of community and values
· strong economy
· quality schools and educational opportunities (including access to colleges and universities throughout the Metro area)
· a variety of recreational and leisure opportunities
· cultural events; historic attractions
· a diversity of homes and neighbors to meet the needs of a growing population
In 1810, John Cook of Shepherdstown, Virginia built the first permanent home in Collinsville. It was a log cabin located at Church and Orient Streets. In 1817, three Collins brothers came from the East and established residence. The Collins boys bought John Cook's claim and the cabin in 1818. They were later joined by their father, mother, and sisters. The family first established a distillery store, ox-grist mill, sawmill, blacksmith, carpenter, and wagon shops. Originally the town was called Unionville, but after being advised that there was another in Illinois, a vote was taken and the name Collinsville was selected even though the Collins family did not promote the name.
The village was platted in 1837, but it was 1850 before a village charter was adopted and trustees elected. In 1872, Collinsville was incorporated as a City. In 1870, Dr. Lumaghi sank a coal mine which started Collinsville into the coal mining era. Through the mid-1900s Collinsville was home to major mining, smelt, and manufacturing operations, including bricks, flour and cowbells. Above all these, coal was king. By 1922, Collinsville employed 3,000 coal miners out of a total population of 9,800. These industries helped Collinsville to prosper and grow as individuals and families migrated here for work and to set down family roots.
Historic Uptown Collinsville, the City’s original business district, is reemerging as the vibrant center for business and culture marked by new and unique business investments, recent capital improvements and bold plans complementing the many historic structures and rich heritage giving Uptown that “traditional Main Street” sense of place. Uptown Collinsville is home to many storied historical sites and attractions, cultural events and festivals, entertainment, professional offices, dining, retail, and other civic institutions and organizations.
Today, Collinsville stands proudly as a forward-moving community empowered with a distinguished history and spirited development. We welcome you to explore all that Collinsville has to offer to residents, business, and visitors alike!